An orthopedic surgeon is a medical practitioner that specializes in treating various Musculoskeletal system conditions, such as broken bones, joint problems, arthritis, and degenerative diseases. Musculoskeletal system comprises of bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. Orthopedic surgeon may specialize a specific area in orthopedics, these include Arthroscopy, foot and ankle, hand, joint replacement, musculoskeletal oncology, pediatric, rehabilitation, reconstructive surgery, shoulder and elbows, or spine. Although orthopedic surgeons are educated to perform surgery, yet they are taught by non-surgical ways to treat a condition.
An orthopedic surgeon in a small, specialized clinic may only treat sports injuries or infections but surgeons who work in large hospitals may perform surgical operations such as anthroscopic surgery of the knee or shoulder, carpal tunnel release, replacement of the knee, hip replacement surgery, reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), repairing rotator cuff tendons, debridement of a joint surface, and disc surgery.
In additon to, best orthodpedic surgeon can also treat congenital defects such as hip dysplasia, clubfoot, spinal scoliosis, cerebral palsy, or marfan’s syndrome. Some surgeons focus on rheumatology and concentrate on treating rheumatoid arthritis.
Orthopedic surgeons devote his self in the diagnosis and preoperative, operative, and postoperative treatment of conditions of the musculoskeletal system, therefore, an orthopedic surgeon is educated about physical or occupational therapy that a patient may require for post-surgical treatment. He may also advise lifestyle changes, diet, and exercise as a part of the treatment plan.
An average of 14 years of education and medical trainings in orthopedic surgery is required in order to become an orthopedic surgeon. The requirements include 4 years of medical school, 5 years of residency programs, and 4 years in orthopedic surgery, and 1 year of training in a specific field such as general surgery, pediatrics, or internal medicine. After which, surgeons undergo orthopedic surgeon board certification and must pass all the written and oral examinations.
Just like any other surgeons, an orthopedic surgeon must be able to work in competition with the fast-paced and intense surgery environment. Surgeons should stand tall even with the unpleasant smells or sights in a surgery environment. They are also well-educated with the proper sanitation and sterilization processes prior to and throughout the surgery. Surgeons should also possess adroitness while concentrating on a detailed task. Some people may negatively react to a surgery and tends to lose more blood, so a surgeon should be witty enough to respond to any strict situations.
Becoming a surgeon take a constant hard work, dedication, and endurance. Sometimes they don’t have the luxury of day offs or timeouts in their fields.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, a large number of surgeons including orthopedic surgeons is expected to increase drastically in the next 10 years. Statistic shows that many surgeons will be retiring in the coming years and the number of the elderly population is escalating. Other aspects include unavailability of surgeons who are willing to work in rural areas. Because of these factors, a high demand of surgeons especially orthopedic surgeons are awaiting.